Land in Water, Water in Land: Achieving Integrated Coastal Zone Development by Building with Nature


Although this approach was first applied in the Netherlands, it has gradually been recognised worldwide as a harmonious means of creating land areas for living, working, tourism & recreation, and infrastructure, whilst ensuring the preservation or expansion of valuable environmental resources, nature and landscape. In addition, climate change resulting in sea-level rise, more frequent and intense storm-surges are taken into account, as well as land subsidence and salt water intrusion.

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